Bibliography of books relating to Lakshmibai
Obtaining out of print books
list some out of print books and have a service to obtain them, possibly
other online bookshops run a similar service. I have obtained a
number of books through Bibliofind
but since their takeover by Amazon a search for 'jhansi' brings no
results. abebooks.com look
to be more useful.
Of the fictional biographies, there is Jaishree Misra's Rani (2007)
and Lebra-Chapman's Durga's Sword.
In the non-fiction there is Rainer Jerosch's Rani of Jhansi -
Rebel against Will, and Lebra Chapman's The Rani of Jhansi,
A study in Female Heroism in India though it is out of print.
More usefully in print is Tapti Roy's Raj of the Rani which also
puts the events in Jhansi into the context wider of the politics
Also there is Mahasweti Devi's The Queen of Jhansi.
Although first published in 1956, is available now in English
translation. It tends to be adulatory, does not attribute sources,
is rather disjointed but is full of wonderful detail
from oral sources as well as the written. However it is difficult to
distinguish hard fact from 'soft'.
Another fictional biograhy to be considered is Vrindavan Lal Varma's
Lakshmi Bai, The Rani of Jhansi, now available in English translation.
Varma was born in 1889 near Jhansi, writing his book in 1946. This
proximity in time and space has to lend the facts of his account
some credibility, though given that it is fictionalised, determining
which are facts and which not is another matter.
Godse, Vishnu Bhat/Pande Mrindal
1857: The Real Story of the Great Uprising
Harper Perennial, 2011
Godse was a Brahmin who found himself in Jhansi in
1857/1858. He became acquainted with the Rani and
was in Jhansi during the siege by the British forces.
He wrote his account soem 20-30 years later but
it was not published until after his death.
Elsewhere there are extracts cobbled together to
give an account but this is his entire story.
One has to be a bit careful as regards its accuracy
as it was written down sometime afterwards and
he was not a witness to everything he writes about.
Nonetheless, the only eye-witness acount to any of it
from someone who was there and on the Indian side.
The Rani of Jhansi, Rebel against Will
Aakar, Delhi 2007
Quite probably the best of the Rani books. Jerosch was a lawyer
and applies his forensic training to the all too many 'mysteries'
of the Rani's life, in particular her role in the massacre.
Originally published in German as 'Rani von Jhansi - Rebellin wider Willen'.
Penguin India 2007
Misra gives us a flesh and blood woman rather than the
2 dimensional caricatures we so often see. Her facts
aren't always entirely accurate but then I regard this
as an adaption of reality in the same way that a film
is an adaption of a book, say. She also uses the
relationship of the Rani with the British in Jhansi
as an allegory of the historical relationship between
the two countries ending it on a poignantly hopeful
This book has fallen foul of the petty minded and
been banned in Uttar Pradesh, an absurd and shameful
act, unbecoming of the principles of India and, I
think, the Rani herself.
A statement by Jaishree Misra regarding the banning
Jaishree Misra's web site
Raj of the Rani
Penguin India 2006
A good popular account of the Rani's life with
references and a bibliography, except that Roy
retells stories from the Rani's childhood
for which we have no sources.
Devi, Mahasweta The Queen of Jhansi Seagull
Books, 2000 ISBN 81 7046 175 6) (Originally published as Jhansir Rani,
1956, written in Bangla
A personal history of the Rani, including
source material as well as imaginative reconstruction. Devi also drew on
oral history; when writing this in the mid-1950's Devi was able to talk
with the son of Damodar Rao and the grandson of Lakshmibai's stepmother.
He had made Lakshmibai his lifelong mission, as well the ordinary people
of Jhansi and others. I can't comment on the accuracy of it all but full
of detail and original source material.
Fisher, Michael H. The Politics of British
Annexation of India - 1757-1857 Oxford, 1996 ISBN 0 1956 392 00
Includes Jhansi of course, but whilst others
talk about the other annexations, Jhansi is represented by Lakshmibai herself
in the form of her first three letters to Dalhousie.
Forrest, George W, (ed) Selections from the
Letters, Despatches and Other State Papers preserved in the Military Department
of the Government of India 1857-1858 Volume IV Jhansi, Calpee, Gwalior
First published 1912, Asian Educational Services, New Delhi, 2001 ISBN
81 296 1350 3
Not the snappiest of titles. Presumably not
intended for the mass market. In his 172 page Introduction, Forrest reiterates
the semi-official British view of her character - 'proud and unyielding
.. indulging in the stern passions of anger and revenge' - charging her
with fomenting the mutiny in Jhansi, and shortly after writes that she
was unable to help the British because of threats to her life from the
mutineers. He doesn't bother to resolve this contradiction. Apart from
the Introduction, actually Forrest's own summary of events, it is verbatim
reports from the British officers commanding the Central India Campaign
including Rose's account of the siege of Jhansi. The appendices include
other reports, of particular interest the statements supposedly implicating
Lakshmibai in the massacre.
Fraser, Antonia Warrior Queens (originally
entitled Boadicea's Chariot) Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London 1988 ISBN:
0 297 79486 8
A study of women leaders, their lives and
how they are perceived. Apart from Lakshmibai (The Valiant Rani) it includes
Boadicea, Margaret Thatcher and Indira Gandhi among others.
Keays, John A History of India 2000
An excellent history of the sub-continent
from the earliest times to the present day but not much on Lakshmibai.
Lebra-Chapman, Dr. Joyce The Rani of Jhansi,
a Study in Female Heroism in India Honolulu, 1986 - out of print ISBN:
A good account of the Rani's life, sympathetic
but not adulatory; it traces the development of the legend in its various
forms (images, poetry, song, folklore, and so on). Usefully, sources are
Lebra-Chapman, Dr. Joyce Durga's Sword Harper
Collins, 1995 ISBN 81 7223 195 4
A fictional biography. Fact and fiction blend
Varma, Vrindavan Lal
Lakshmi Bai, The Rani of Jhansi
Ocean Books Ltd, Delhi 2001 ISBN 81-87100-54-0
This is the English translation of Varma's original 1946 work.
Born in 1889 near Jhansi, Varma was as close as any to the
events of 1857/8 and this lends his account some credibility
but as ever with fictionalisd accounts, what is fact what
Renick, DR. M. S.
A New Light upon the History of Rani Laxmibai of Jhansi
Agam Kala Prakashan, Delhi 2004 ISBN 81-7320-060-2
The new light is the influence the Rani's father, Moropant
Tambe, may have had on her. Renick postulates that Tambe had
a far greater influence than is generally recognised. However
there are no new facts and while Renick's basic idea has some
merit I think he pushes it too far on slim evidence.
Rana, Dr. Bhwan Singh Rana
Rani of Jhansi
Diamond Books, Delhi 2004 ISBN 81-288-0875-3
This is not a book I can recommend, there are too many
inaccuracies, British names in particular suffer - Hugh Rose
is rendered as Hughrose, Skene becomes Screen among others
and there is a reference to an eminent historian "K", who
I think is actually meant to be Kaye. Maybe Rana is getting
some revenge for the mangling of Indian names by the British,
maybe a historian should be more concerned with accuracy.
Malleson G.B. The Indian Mutiny of 1857
London 1891 - out of print
A potted version of the 3 volume History started
by Kaye and completed by himself. Attests to Lakshmibai's high character
but also that the 'hand of the despoiler [the British] had lashed her into
a fury which was not to be governed'. Asserts that she was one of those
who planned the Mutiny, was involved in the massacre, and so on. His imperialism
is hard to stomach, but he does at least criticise those who ride roughshod
over things Indian, and renders Kanpur as Khanpur, and similarly for other
Robson, Brian (ed)
Sir Hugh Rose and the Central India Campaign
Sutton Publishing Ltd for the Army Records Society, UK, 2000 ISBN 0-7509-2541-8
A collection of documents, both official and private, from
the the principals like Rose and Hamilton and others writing
to their families.
Duberly, Frances Isabella
Campaigning Experiences in Rajpootana and Central India
Elibron Classics 2005 ISBN 1-4021-8911-7
Smith, ELder and Co, London 1859
Not much to do with the Rani except for a few paragraaphs
on her death but an insight into what it was for the British
as they campaigned to put down the rebellion. Duberly was
the wife of an officer in the 8th Hussars and was no delicate
flower, indeed, as others have mentioned, she and the Rani
would seem to have had a lot in common. The irony is that
it is most likely that it was her husband's unit that was
responsible for the Rani's death.
Pathak, Dr S.P. Jhansi during the British
Rule Ramanand Vidya Bhawan, Delhi, 1987 - out of print
An economic study of Jhansi from 1857 to 1947.
He contends that the British deliberately kept Jhansi and the surrounding
area economically backward.
Paul, E Jaiwant Rani of Jhansi, Lakshmi
Bai Roli Books, New Delhi, 1997 ISBN: 81 7436032 8
A biography with lots of detail, though not
all of it sourced. With dramatisations and invented dialogue. No bibliography.
Roy, Tapti The Polititics of a Popular Uprising
- Bundelkhand in 1857 Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1994 ISBN 0 19 563612
0 - out of print
An academic look at the uprising in Bundelkhand
with the view, as the title suggests, that it was more an uprising of the
people than a mutiny and limited rebellion. Roy examines the inter-clan
and dynastical rivalries as well social conditions and attitudes of the
people. For this purpose she sets the actions of Lakshmibai in context.
Sen S. N. 1857 Ministry of Information,
Government of India, New Delhi, 1957 ISBN: 81 230 0093 6
Originally published in 1957 and commissioned
by the Indian Government to commemorate the Centenary of the Great Rebellion.
Well considered though criticised in its own introduction to the 1995 reprint
for over reliance on British sources, 'but as a scholarly monograph Sen's
1857 remains unsurpassed'. Unfortunately poorly printed with many typographical
Smyth, Sir John, The Rebellious Rani London
1966 - out of print
Smyth though contending that the Rani was
innocent of complicity in the massacre and the mutiny, is of the opinion
that she nonetheless used events to her own purpose.
Tahmankar, D.V. The Ranee of Jhansi London
1958 - out of print
Our Bones Are Scattered
John Murray Publishers, UK, 1996 ISBN: 0-7195-6410-7
A detailed and very readable account of the events and
massacre at Cawnpore and the retribution that followed.
It also looks at the lives, and deaths, of many of those
involved on all sides. Many footnotes and references.
What Really Happened During the Mutiny
Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1997 ISBN: 019 565113 8
An ambitious title with a more accurate sub-title
- 'A Day-by-Day Account of the Major Events of 1857-1859 in
India'. It has an extensive and annotated bibliography
listing some 1007 items, including plays and novels, dealing
with the events of this period.
White, Michael Lachmi Bai, Rani of Jhansi
Taylor and Co. New York, 1901
A fictional biography. I assume the author
is American since it was published in New York and the British talk of
dollars, not something the Victorian British of all people would have done.
Sympathetic to the Rani, he has her planning the mutiny and rebellion at
Jhansi, but the massacre of the British happened against her wishes. Not
totally accurate, in fact not accurate at all, but demonstrates that even
then there were doubts about the official version of events.
Wanderings in India
Includes Lang's account of his meeting with the Rani.
Books for Children
Taylor, P.J.O. The Rani of Jhansi HarperCollins
Delhi 1995 ISBN 81 7223 200 4
A biography for children
Rani Lakshmibai: The Indian Heroine
Rupa & Company, Calcutta (ND),Aug 2002 ISBN: 8171678572
I've been informed that this book is intended for children/early teens
Original Source Material
Jhansi Treasury Accounts
British Library, Oriental and India Office MSS EUR 239/33
In particular covers 1842.
Sturt, John Venables
His recollections of his escape from rebels during the mutiny.
British Library, Oriental and India Office MSS EUR/C 195
His account merely mentions Jhansi at one point but
includes extracts from 3 letters written to him by
a Mr Martin in 1897 regarding the Rani.
This list has been mostly culled from Taylor's
work mentioned above. It lists any items that make a more than passing
reference to Lakshmibai. Few will be still in print.
The Land of War Elephants: Travels in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India
Nomad Press, 2003, ISBN: 0965925897
To quote from the blurb: "Of particular interest is his quest to retrace the final journey of Lakshmibai, the warrior Princess of Jhansi, who made a noble, albeit futile, stand against the British in 1858."
Annand, A McKenzie, ed.Cavalry Surgeon: the
Recollections of J.H. Sylvester London, 1971
Sylvester served under Rose during the Bundelkhand campaign
Chaterbhuj The Rani of Jhansi -
Duberley, Mrs Frances Campaigning in Rajputana
and Central India during the suppression of the Mutiny London 1859
Mrs Duberley's husband was an officer in the
8th Hussars and is said to have 'been present when the Rani of Jhansi was
killed by a Hussar of her husband's regiment.'
Mishra, J.P.The Bundela Rebellion Delhi 1982
Of which Jhansi was a part.
Sinha, Shyam Narain Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi
I actually held this book in my hands, in
Delhi Public Library, and had to leave it behind.
Sinha, Shyam, Narain The Revolt of 1857 in
Bundelkhand Lucknow 1982
Including the story of Lakshmibai.
Sylvester, J.H.Recollections of the campaign
in Malwa and Central India Bombay 1860
The original source for Annand.
Taimuri M.H.R.Some unpublished Documents
on the death of the Rani of Jhansi and the Mutiny in Central India, in
Indian Historical Records Commission Proceedings 1953
Amrit Lal Nagar Aankhon Dekha Ghadar Vision/Rajpal 1998 ISBN 81-7028-250-0 Hindi.
A Hindi translation of "Majha Pravas" by Vishnu
Bhatt Godshe (see below) Is there an English translation?
Bhattacharya, Mahashweta Jhansir Rani 1956 Bengali
Vishnu Bhatt Godshe Majha Pravas no date, but 19C Marathi
Godshe was a Brahmin who was in Jhansi before
and during the siege, he survived, wrote this account and published it
some 50 years later.
Singh, Kalyan Lakshmi Bai ka Raso no date Hindi
Parasnis, D.B.Maharani Lakshmi Bai Saheb,
Hyanche Charita 1894 Marathi
Tagore, Jyotirindranath Jhansir Rani 1900
Verma, Bindraban Lal Maharani Lakshmi Bai
From Hans-Dieter Mueller of Koln, Germany:
Actually the author's name is written VRINDAVALANLAL VARMA) The translation
of this novel into English is from 2001 but the book is actually written in
1946, the author is born in 1890 and lived in or close to Jhansi (310 Pages)
I believe the 1952 movie [Jhansi ki rani] was based on this novel.
Bundelkhand Ka Vismrat vaibhav: Banpur
Manish Prakashan 1978 Hindi(?)
Contains reproductions of at least two letters written by Lakshmibai
to the Raja of Banpur.
Die Rani von Jhansi - Rebellin wider Willen
Peter Lang 2004 ISBN 3-631-50648-1 (German)
Having read an English translation of this book, I can thoroughly
recommend it. Jerosch has done some extensive research and has
applied his legal training to an analysis of the key events, the
events surrounding the mutiny in Jhansi in particular. He has
done an excellent job.
The English translation is being published in India by
Penguin, and hopefully at some time in the UK.
Interestingly of the 875 English language
books listed by Taylor only 6, less than 1%, deal directly with the Rani,
whereas of the 26 Indian language books, 5, nearly 20% deal with her.